MOSCOW — Courting and cultivating loyalty among the Russian youth has long been a part of the Kremlin’s governing strategy. But the latest apparent move to command allegiance from younger Russians may be backfiring.
When young people in former Soviet republics organized “color revolutions” to push out undemocratic leaders a decade ago, the Kremlin lent support to Nashi, a nationalist, pro-state youth organization whose ideals thrive in spinoff groups to this day. When the West began protesting Russia’s annexation of Crimea earlier this year, the Russian government introduced a new patriotism curriculum to emphasize the territories’ historic bond.
But when Russian authorities started going after outspoken pop icons this fall, they struck a nerve with many young people who claim to be largely apolitical — but suddenly became wary of officials muzzling stars of their generation.
“I’m not that involved in politics. I’m more interested in what’s happening to my idols, and politics only as a consequence of that,” said Alexei Kornev, 19, a student from Tomsk who studies in Moscow. “But nobody and nothing should be in the way of music.”
For Kornev and many others, the performer whose experience inspired such concerns is Russia’s biggest homegrown hip-hop star, Ivan Alekseev — better known by his rap alias, Noize MC.
Noize MC has been a feature on the Russian music scene for the past seven or eight years, building a following as a skilled lyricist with a knack for peddling catchy riffs and social commentary through storytelling. His audience is young — predominantly teens and 20-somethings. And though he often displays a healthy disregard for authority, he never really went head-on with the government until the past few months, when he began to get heat for accepting a Ukrainian flag from a female fan during a music festival in Lviv, Ukraine.
It happened in August, as Ukrainian officials were openly accusing Russia of sending troops and tanks to fuel separatists fighting a war in the east of the country. Other Russian headliners had already pulled out of the concert lineup. But Noize MC performed and accepted the flag as he sang “Tanzy,” a remix of a Ukrainian song that he has been rapping in Russian since 2012.
“I didn’t think of it as something specific or important,” Alekseev explained during an interview in Moscow. “I was just in Ukraine and sang in Ukrainian and someone gave me a Ukrainian flag. And in Ukraine, everything was okay, it was totally fine.”
But when the pictures from the show emerged, Russia was not fine with the display of solidarity with its Slavic neighbor.
Within weeks, most of the star’s live shows were either canceled under pressure from authorities, he said, or raided by federal drug officials and bomb squads reporting tips of suspicious criminal activity. Alekseev said more than 60 percent of his shows were canceled, including almost every stop on a tour of Siberia and Russia’s Far East — where authorities even met the band at their hotels and train stations, he said, to keep them from playing alternate venues.
“It was [like] if you were doing a three-day tour of gigs in Ohio, and you have guys from the CIA, FBI and local police coming and telling you to go,” Alekseev said.
Each time, the reaction on Noize MC’s social media pages — he has over 75 times the number of VKontakte fans as Network, the pro-Putin youth organization of the moment, he claims — was a mixture of confusion, shock and anger, especially from fans in far-flung regions, where a Noize MC show is a rare and precious event.
Even at a recent show in Moscow, frustration was still resonating among many Noize MC fans.
“It’s stupid. It happened because Noize appeared onstage in Ukraine, and they called him a traitor,” said Egor Kaluga, 21, who likened the cancellations to something out of Soviet times. “Then, there were persecutions of nonconformist artists, but with Noize MC, there is no politics. He only speaks his opinion — he doesn’t organize demonstrations or call on anyone to do anything.”
Others said Noize MC was being unfairly targeted because of his popularity — much like Andrei Makarevich, often called Russia’s Paul McCartney, saw his concerts canned after performing this summer for children in eastern Ukraine.
“In Russia, we always have to have a guilty party,” said Pyotr Semekevich, 19, explaining that just as Makarevich had been singled out as “a symbol” for his parents’ generation, “for us, it’s Noize MC.”
As concerts are called off, Russian sociologists are wondering what sort of effect marginalizing artists like Noize MC will have on his young fans, a generation brought up in an environment of what one called “exaggerated patriotism,” in which Putin has held almost unrivaled power.
“You cannot ban people from listening to the music that they want to — this is not efficient, and it is dangerous,” said Elena Omelchenko, director of the Center for Youth Studies at Russia’s Higher School of Economics, who said she receives letters from all over Russia asking about banned shows.
If things continue, it could give rise to new youth subcultures, Omelchenko said, much like those that developed during the Soviet Union, when direct bans drove many rock artists and their fans underground.
There’s a chance that performers like Noize MC could lose their audience to other artists. While there are other exceptions, the vast majority of Russian pop stars, as Alekseev put it, “don’t protest against anything; they just play music about love.”
But the more noise Noize MC makes about the apparent political target on his back, the more his fans are waking to political realities in Russia.
“I don’t care about politics, but I care that this is happening and it’s having an influence on my life, my favorite musicians,” Elena Talalina, 21, said of the canceled Noize MC concerts. “It’s disturbing. But I guess it’s normal in this country.”